Hipertensi pada Penabuh Gamelan di Kecamatan Batubulan, Gianyar, Bali
Gede Artawan, Kertha Duana, Utami Dwipayanti, Widarini, Ady Wirawan, Partha Muliawan
Background: Several researches have supported that there is significant correlation between noise and hypertension. Gamelan is a Balinese traditional music instrument that is used in religious ceremony, social customs, and art entertainment. Every villages in Bali has at least one set of gamelan including players. Balinese tourism which is focused on cultural aspect has caused an emerging of many art groups that perform routiniously to the tourists. Those groups consist of musicians (penabuh) and dancers. Mucisian groups are groups that are exposed by noise caused by instruments that they are played. Playing instruments produces stable noise, fluctuated, intermitten and some impulsive noise such as from gong instrument that may harm to health.
Objectives: to investigate the duration and frequency of gamelan mucisian’s working time, hypertension prevalency on gamelan musicians and the correlation between hypertension with the occupation as gamelan mucisian.
Method: The research conducted as analitical cross sectional that comparing two groups , one group was people with noise exposed and another non noise exposed. The research population was males from various art groups at Batubulan, Gianyar, Bali. Gamelan musician group as group with noise exposed, while painters as group with non noise exposed. Number of sample for each group was 102.
Results and Discussion: from gamelan musician groups was found 43,14% has been 25 years or more working as musicians, 30,39% working as musician for 20–24 years, 17,65% for 15–19 years and 8,82% for 10–14 years. For working frequency was found 70,59% musicians was working everyday (7 times a week), 19,61% was working 4 – 6 times a week, and 9,80% was working 2–3 times a week. On musician group was found that 34,31 % was having hypertension. That number comprises of 82,86% light hypertension and 17,14% with medium hypertension. On the other hand, from the painter group was found 7,84% was having light hypertension. Based on statistical calculation was found that the risk of having hypertension is 3,6 higher on musician group compared to painter group and was showed by the significant correlation between occupation as gamelan mucisian and hypertension prevalence.
Conclusion: The research has found that occupation as gamelan musician significantly has higher risk of having hypertension compared to occupation as painter
Keywords: Hypertension, gamelan musicians, musician working frequency, noise